|Chronic kidney disease|
Chrinic kidney disease (CKD) is a term used to describe several diseases and disorders that can affect yourkidneys. The majority of these diseases will affect the the nephrons (filters) and reduce their ability to remove waste and excess fluids.
When your kidneys fail, waste and fluids will build up in your body. Dialysis and kidney transplantation are known as renal replacement therapies (RRT) because they attempt to “replace” the normal functioning of the kidneys.
Common causes of CKD
Early detection and preventionEarly detection and prevention is important and people at risk of developing kidney disease should be evaluated regularly. These people include those with diabetes, high blood pressure or blood vessel diseases, and close relatives of people with hereditary kidney disease.
Sometimes even people with serious kidney disease may not have any symptoms. That is why a blood or urine test may be necessary to check for kidney problems. However, the signs and symptoms listed below may indicate kidney disease and if they are present, a medical assessment to check out the kidneys would be advisable.
Signs and symptoms