Dialysis world news


Salt controversy back in the New York Times. PDF Print
NY Times: Yet the study that Dr. Farley cites, led by Feng J. He of the London School of Medicine and Dentistry and published this month in the journal BMJ Open, is only the latest salvo in a long-running debate over the links between health and dietary salt, and several experts this week described the new research as flawed.

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Have we found the cure for atherosclerosis? D-PDMP a potential candidate. PDF Print
Eurekalert: The treatment also prevented fatty plaque and calcium deposits from building up inside the animals' vessels. These effects were observed in animals on a daily D-PDMP treatment even though they ate a diet made up of 20 percent triglycerides — the human equivalent of eating a greasy burger for breakfast, lunch and dinner. In addition, the researchers say, D-PDMP appears to precision-target the worst byproducts of aberrant cell growth signaling, such as oxidized LDL and the activity of certain chemicals that fuel vessel inflammation, without altering cell growth itself.

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New test detects diabetic retinopathy at an early stage. PDF Print
EurekAlert: The changes to the subjects in the study included corkscrew-shaped capillaries. The capillaries were not just a little thicker, and therefore distorted, but instead the blood vessel walls had to grow in length to make these loops. This is visible only at microscopic levels, making it difficult to determine who has the more advanced disease among patients, because these eyes look similar when viewed with the typical instruments found in the clinic. Yet, some of these patients already have sight-threatening complications.... The study, "In vivo adaptive optics microvascular imaging in diabetic patients without clinically severe diabetic retinopathy," was published in the journal Biomedical Optics Express. It is available at http://www.opticsinfobase.org/boe/abstract.cfm?uri=boe-5-3-961.

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Vancomycin-resistant MRSA identified in a patient in Brazil. PDF Print
EurekAlert: "This is the first-ever reported bloodstream infection caused by a highly vancomycin-resistant MRSA bacteria," Arias said. "If we lose vancomycin, it would make it very difficult and expensive to treat these infections," he said. Arias and his colleagues conducted microbiological and genetic analyses of an MRSA superbug recovered from the blood of a 35-year-old Brazilian man and identified a novel transferable genetic element (plasmid) that carries the genes necessary for vancomycin resistance (vanA gene cluster).

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Diabetes complication rate in the U.S. shows a sharp decline. PDF Print
NY Times: Federal researchers on Wednesday reported the first broad national picture of progress against some of the most devastating complications of diabetes, which affects millions of Americans, finding that rates of heart attacks, strokes, kidney failure and amputations fell sharply over the past two decades.

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