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|Children today face reduced racial disparities in kidney transplantation - Medical Xpress|
Everyone with kidney failure deserves a transplanted kidney that works well. But because children with the disease have the greatest long-term potential for a healthy future, in 2005 the United Network for Organ Sharing instituted a policy, Share 35, to preferentially offer kidneys from younger (
What effects have Share 35 had on kidney transplantation? For example, in the past, black and Hispanic children with kidney failure experienced reduced access to transplantation compared with white children. Has Share 35 had an impact on these racial disparities? Also, has Share 35 inadvertently promoted deceased organ donation over living donation for children in need of a kidney transplant?
To answer these and other questions, Sandra Amaral, MD (The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia) and her colleagues analyzed data from the US Renal Data System before and after Share 35. These data applied to 2,299 pediatric kidney failure patients who received a transplant before Share 35 and 2,467 patients who received one after.
Among the major findings:
"Reduced racial disparities in access to deceased donor kidney transplant for children with end-stage kidney disease is a very positive step toward achieving equity in overall transplant access for all children; however, greater declines in living donors for all pediatric patients, particularly for those of black or Hispanic ethnicity, may be a concern," said Dr. Amaral. "Less access to living donors for children with end-stage kidney disease may mean that these patients have less access to the best quality kidneys and less potential for the best graft survival," she explained. More studies are needed to understand how these changes will impact racial differences in the long-term health of transplanted kidneys.
More information: The article, entitled "Racial Disparities in Access to Pediatric Kidney Transplantation Since Share 35," will appear online on April 26, 2012, doi: 10.1681/ASN.2011121145